How to charge an electric vehicle ?
The electric vehicle has an onboard charger. The onboard charger’s capacity is different from one EV to another which explains why some charge faster than others. The only aspect of the onboard charger that is visible is the charge port.
What is a charging station (EVSE) ?
Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) is the official terminology for a charging station. The charging station has a plug to connect to a wall outlet, and a J1772 connector to connect to the EV’s charge port.
As we connect the charging station’s J1772 connector to the charge port, the EV’s onboard charger and charging station communicate together in order to send the appropriate level of energy flow to the battery.
What is level 1 charging (110V) ?
Every electric vehicle has a level 1 charging station (110V). This type of charging is a temporary solution. The charge is slow.
What is level 2 charging (240V) ?
The level 2 charging station is ideal at home or at work because the electric vehicle is parked for many hours. It is the fastest way to charge at home. After a few hours, the vehicle battery is completely charged.
What is level 3 charging (400V) ?
The level 3 charging stations (400V) are located in public areas. It is the fastest way to charge an electric vehicle. It is useful when someone has to travel long distances.